8 Things People Get Wrong About Animals

8 Things People Get Wrong About Animals

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♪Intro♪ As kids, lots of us watched cartoons or read
books with animals as the main characters. And even though we knew those stories weren’t
real, because animals don’t really speak English or drop Acme safes on each other,
they definitely spread some weird misconceptions about certain species. Hopefully a lot of confusion has been cleared
up as you’ve gotten older… but we’re guessing that at least one of these eight
debunkings will come as a surprise. If you grew up with Winnie the Pooh stories,
you learned that there’s nothing bears love more than honey, right? Well… not exactly. Bears do raid beehives, but the real prize
is the brood, the collective term for the egg, larva, and pupa stages of developing
bees. Bears find beehives by smell, both wild ones
tucked into places like tree cavities and the boxes maintained by beekeepers. And they’ll tear hives apart to get at the
sweet insides. The bees, understandably, aren’t thrilled
about this. So they’ll attack a bear’s face and ears,
because its thick fur helps deflect their stings. Honey is made from the sugary nectar of flowers,
so it’s full of carbohydrates like glucose and fructose. And, sure, bears will go for honey if it’s
there, but it’s not really what their diet needs. On the other hand, eating the brood provides
a snack full of proteins and fats. And that helps bears prep for hibernation,
when they stop eating or drinking for months and rely on stored-up nutrients to survive. And even though beehives may be a nice treat,
they only make up a small part of the diets of both black and grizzly bears. Bears will also eat roots, berries, other
insects, fish, mammals, and pretty much whatever they can get. Which, you know, sounds a little more doable
than just surviving on sugar. Cats may seem like they enjoy lapping up a
dish full of cow milk, and it’s even a staple in cartoons like Tom and Jerry. But surprise: milk is actually pretty bad
for their digestion. Most mammals, cats included, lose their ability
to digest milk when they grow up. It’s like how dairy-loving humans are the
weird ones, not the norm. As kittens, their small intestinal cells naturally
make an enzyme called lactase, which breaks down the sugar found in milk called lactose. That’s important, because newborn mammals
get all their nutrients from milk produced by a parent’s mammary glands. So their bodies definitely need to be able
to process it. But, as they grow and start eating other foods,
lactase production naturally shuts down. And when undigested lactose passes through
the large intestine, those cells end up secreting a lot of extra water to deal with it… which
leads to diarrhea. Gut bacteria might also ferment the stuff
and produce gas, which causes bloating. Now, the milk of every mammal species has
a unique blend of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates to meet specific nutrition needs. So kittens need cat milk to thrive. Cow’s milk has way more lactose than the
average adult cat can handle, and even though kittens are better at breaking down the sugar,
it’s not great for them either. So leave that kitten with mom until it’s
ready to be weaned off of milk. And then, just stick to kibble or something. Speaking of drinking stuff, cartoons sometimes
show elephants using their trunks like a straw to suck up water. Really, though, they can’t do this any more
than you can drink through your nose. Don’t try that, by the way. And that’s because an elephant’s trunk
is the anatomical equivalent of your nose and upper lip. After all, most land-dwelling animals are
really just the same body plan squashed and stretched in different ways over millions
of years of evolution. Trunks are basically tubes of muscle tissue,
and are used for smelling, picking up food, communication, and all sorts of other things. Elephants /do/ use their trunks to drink. But they do it by sucking water part of the
way up, then squirting it into their mouths. A typical elephant trunk can hold almost 10
liters of water, so it’s a pretty good thirst quencher! Or like a huge built-in water gun. The link between carrots and rabbits has an
interesting history. It all started with Bugs Bunny, but his habit
was inspired by the 1934 film It Happened One Night. Specifically, Clark Gable’s quick-talking
character munches on a whole carrot during a particularly famous scene involving hitchhiking. So moviegoers would have recognized the reference
in cartoons. But rabbits don’t eat root vegetables in
the wild. Instead, they mostly go after grasses and
weeds, which have lots of long carbohydrates that are all considered kinds of fiber, which
is pretty tough to break down. Root veggies like carrots have different carbohydrates. And too much of some kinds of sugars, like
small molecules of fructose or certain longer chains like starch, can lead to tooth and
digestive problems. For instance, there’s a pouch called the
cecum between the intestines. It’s home to lots of microbes that break
down molecules like fiber that are hard to digest. That broken down stuff gets squeezed into
pellets called cecotropes, which rabbits poop out and eat to have an extra chance to absorb
nutrients. If a rabbit’s diet has too many easily-digestible
sugars, like from carrots, the kinds of microbes that thrive in the cecum can change. And that throws off whole system. So protect their poop! Better food choices for bunnies include hay,
grass, and rabbit pellets, while carrots should only be an occasional treat. I’m about to ruin all your happy childhood
memories of feeding bread crusts to ducks at the park: bread is actually kind of terrible
for birds. But a lot of people do this. In 2014, for example, people in England and
Wales fed an estimated /six million loaves/ of bread to ducks. The problem is that bread has very little
nutritional value — it’s basically just starch — but it still fills up the birds
and keeps them from seeking out a more nutritious diet. Young birds who just eat bread may never learn
to forage for themselves. And a bread-heavy diet, is low in protein
and vitamins. Scientists don’t know exactly why, but these
dietary deficiencies can cause a deformity called angel wing. The wrist joint in one or both wings starts
to twist outward. If it’s bad enough, angel wing can completely
prevent a duck from flying, leaving it vulnerable to predators. Not to mention, uneaten bread is bad for the
environment, too. All those extra sugars floating around in
ponds and rivers can provide extra food for microbes, fueling blooms of certain bacteria
and algae. Many of these microbes produce toxins that
are dangerous to both people and animals, so it’s bad news for water quality. So if you just can’t give up feeding ducks,
consider giving them something like oats, corn, or even lettuce instead of your leftover
bread. Cartoons aside, ostriches don’t really bury
their heads in the sand when they’re scared. But if you’re wondering where the heck this
idea came from, zoologists have a few guesses. Ostriches are the biggest birds in the world,
standing two to three meters tall, but they have really small heads relative to their
bodies. From a distance, if an ostrich is pecking
at food on the ground, its head may be hard to see at all. So it might seem like it’s tucked underground. These mega-birds also dig pits in the dirt,
about two meters wide and a meter deep, to use as nests. They rotate their eggs a few times each day
with their beaks, making sure each embryo is evenly heated and nourished by the goopy
nutrients inside. And this can make it look even more like their
heads are vanishing into the ground. So what do ostriches do when they’re scared? If they can’t run, and don’t feel threatened
enough to fight back, they’ll flop to the ground with their heads outstretched and hold
still, trying to blend in with their surroundings. Like a stop, drop, and hide kind of situation. It might seem kind of silly that a huge bird
is trying to be sneaky, but it’s way more effective than just hiding their head and,
like, pretending there’s no danger. Someone has probably warned you that a scared
porcupine can launch its quills into the air to fend off an attacker. But, as cool as that sounds… it’s not
true. Porcupine quills are basically modified hairs,
so they’re sharp, hard, and mostly made of a structural protein called keratin. When a porcupine is freaked out, tiny muscles
at the base of each quill cause it to stand upright — like the hairs on your arms when
you get goosebumps. A porcupine’s first line of defense is just
to puff up and rattle its quills to try and scare a threat away. But a really angry, cornered porcupine may
even dash or swing at its attacker to impale it. North American porcupine quills have specialized
barbs that help them penetrate skin with even less force than a similar-sized hypodermic
needle would need. Kind of like a serrated knife compared to
a flat one. And once those quills are stuck in something,
they detach pretty easily from the porcupine’s body, but the barbed tips make them really
hard to pull out. Researchers are even looking into these quills
to develop better medical technology, like needles or stitches to stick tissues together. So surprising a porcupine is still a pretty
bad idea, but it can’t actually fire quills at you like missiles. The phrase “blind as a bat” gets tossed
around quite a bit. It’s a classic cliche. But bats actually /aren’t/ blind — they
have eyes and can see. Some bats, especially large species that eat
fruit and nectar, can see as well as or maybe even better than humans. They rely on their eyes and noses to find
food! Bat species that hunt insects, though, tend
to have smaller eyes and rely on an extra sense called echolocation to forage at night. They make tiny squeaks or clicks with their
mouths or nostrils, usually too high-pitched for humans to hear. Then, highly sensitive receptor cells in their
ears detect any subtle frequency changes of returning echos to figure out what’s nearby
— like a tasty mosquito. Bats can definitely see and echolocate well
enough to avoid flying into your hair accidentally, and they have zero interest in getting into
it on purpose. A bat may swoop low over your head if you’re
outdoors at night, but it’s just going after a flying insect that happens to be nearby
— not you. So when it comes to painting an accurate picture
of biology, a lot of cartoons, kids’ books, and common expressions have a lot to answer
for. It turns out Winnie the Pooh and Bugs Bunny
are not super accurate examples of their species. Thanks for watching this episode of SciShow,
and if you want to watch more videos starring all kinds of animals, including a lot of the
ones on this list, check our sister channel Animal Wonders at youtube.com/animalwondersmontana ♪Outro♪

100 thoughts on “8 Things People Get Wrong About Animals

  • Victoria Flewallen Post author

    Bears eat beats

  • Blood Sweat Post author

    Are flying foxes bats?

  • Lenore Post author

    As a kid, I watched more Animal Planet and NatGeo, so I not only know this at the age of 20, but I also actually knew most of this as a kid.. Huh..

  • Pockets2Big Rikishi Post author

    Get this fool outta here

  • M4SK1R0VK4 Post author

    Rabbits eating their waste… I can see why cartoons don't try to be so realistic!

  • Mima Hakurei Post author

    Whenever I wanted to feed the birds as a kid, my parents would give me Cheerios (which are made of oats) instead of bread. Now I know why!

  • Flossey Morphett Post author

    Was wondering if cats and milk would be mentioned. Happy to see I was right. It’s such a common misconception.

  • Chemus Van Der Geek Post author

    2:08 '… a parent's mammary glands' Is this show about science or getting 'woke'? Bored now…

  • Lhenkhantus Post author

    Then what with mice and cheese?

  • ムンドゥス•エスト•ウヌム Post author

    The most misunderstood animals are actually us. Other species think all we want is to hunt them down,eat them and take over their natural habitats,but little do they know we are really f***ing up the planet.

  • Gitana Fox Post author

    So I'm weird for loving dairy? Cool! I'd like to take a moment to thank my deadbeat dad from whom I got these extra-cheese-pizza-loving genes. (Mom is lactose intolerant)

  • Ja Series Post author

    I can drink through my nose.

  • Justin Marshy Post author

    Milk is pretty bad for human digestion too! At least the vast majority of humans.

  • Kyto Bytes Post author

    Btw a bunnies diet should be 70% hay, and the last 30 should be split up between fresh veggies and pellets. Pellets should only be used for their teeth, rather then an actual staple I'm their diet. Fresh veggies are free if you don't poison your yard, the best food for them are weeds, and I'm talking about tons of nutrients from weeds. So take advantage if you own bunnies lol. (Avoid areas where other animals poop)

  • Rachel Lee Chai Ling Post author

    Wow, I only was right for no. 7 previously . Thanks for making me smarter in some way ☆*:.。. o(≧▽≦)o .。.:*☆

  • Avallac'h Post author

    I think i have angel wings in my hair

  • Tydus Tarien Post author

    My cat loves milk

  • Tydus Tarien Post author

    I've watched rabbits eat palm frawns

  • Artyom Fisher Post author

    I knew all of these prior and seem to have a broad general intelligence (with a large thanks to sci show) but actual school stuff beats me. Especially social studies, cant wait to (hopefully) graduate in a months time

  • Statiscube Post author

    How about greens owls being capable of understanding many human languages and kidnapping people?

  • Dankman9 Post author

    Coyotes are faster than road runners. How did they miss that one?

  • CuriousGeorgeLG Post author

    Yeah human are really weird. Not only do most force themselves to continue tom digest milk but first they steal it from baby cows…

  • pewpeat Post author

    damn u dumb bra

  • Jeroen Jager Post author

    So no milk for my cat got it, just lasagne then.

  • Sire La Post author

    Rabbits eat their own poo… that’s the main new thing I’ve learned …

  • jeaniebird Post author

    I'm a PROUD MUTANT; I produce lactase 24/7 and drink 3 gallons of whole milk a week. When visiting my father, recently, I realized I must've gotten that mutation from him. Thanks, dad!

    My cats are indoor/outdoor cats so don't have a litter box where I can observe their stool. They love the cow's milk our local dairy delivers so much that they'll ask for it. I hope it's not causing them diarrhea, or anything! They only drink a little bit at a time, though. Maybe they know it's only alright as a treat?

    My mother raised goats when I was a kid and sold the milk to mostly people with medical issues. One was a mother who had a child that couldn't thrive (what's it called? There's a word for that…) but as soon as he switched to my mom's goat milk, he started thriving. Another was an old man with I-don't-remember-what-problem, but he also got much better once switching to my mom's goat milk. I'll never forget those two in particular because they praised my mom for saving their lives!

  • Queenie Guldbaek Post author

    Maybe the milk drank by cats in cartoons is cat milk…

  • Ribbitgoesthedog Lastnamehereyeah Post author

    A rabbit will eat first the leaves from a carrot, not the root. If you have freshly picked carrots, give the bunnies the green bits, and eat the root yourself. Its healthier for both of you.

  • a clown Post author

    Elephants don't drink through their trunk they pull water up into it and squirt it in their mouth ( see i told you )

  • The MozartThug Post author

    Bears dont like hunny

    They like weak and vulnerable humans

  • Stan Smith Post author

    Dairy loving humans are the weird ones? Ok so all of Europe and most of America, what’s your point?

  • king Fpv Post author

    Kittens and milk, not so true. Dairy is bad yes.. goats milk. Lactose free. Saved many baby animals for me. Kmr the kitten formula fan near killed my kittens, had to switch to goat..

  • ONLYHURTSONCE Post author

    If you ever come upon a polar bear in the wild just offer it a soft drink (make sure it's the right brand) and it will be cool with you…

  • GECKman88 Post author

    "Blind as a bat" is also an old saying reffering to someone who may be poisoned with a deleriant, such as from datura, belladona, henbane, mandrake and so forth. Mmmmm anticholinergics.

  • Zeferoth Post author

    wow you look so wierd

  • Jessica Capizzo Post author

    So sorry but when we had goays to be milked at night mom would go out to milk them and bats would swoop down and nip at her hair! Not sure why.

  • Miranda Friske Post author

    Should add in 'sweating like a pig" pigs don't sweat 🙂

  • Paul : Post author

    Haha This guy believes in evolution 😆

  • Meghan Schuler Post author

    I'm going to refute that that thing there are bats at least in the midwest that will let's just say have a particular Affinity to you as a person. Or just likes to play around I'm not sure which but we had a nest of bats and they're protected and Kansas City or at least during their I think it's their breeding time or whatever and every time we would swim in the pool the only person who would get hit in the head by bat is me. And one bat in particular constantly like to dive bomb my head and I don't think it was going for bugs because it would Bang into me flap its wings and then sit on my head sometimes poop and then fly away and it would do this repeatedly all night until we got out of the pool. Now what I think the reason is is that it was probably mad we were in the pool because we are scaring away the bugs and maybe because I'm the loudest and I talk more it was going after me specifically because I was ruining his feeding time maybe I'm not I'm not sure I really have no idea but I do know for a fact that it was doing it on purpose and hitting me because it never once went after my mom my sister or my stepdad only me. And every time we were in the pool which was pretty much every night during the summer so yeah I think they're smarter or at least more Angry than they seem LOL PS I apologize if there are any mistakes in the lack of commas and periods I have a shattered spine which means I have to use Google Voice Text which is sort of like playing phonetics Scrabble. So I do apologize and I know this is long it's just that's all I have to work with and fortunately and it's not very good they really need to update voice text.

  • zebras don't fly for a reason Post author

    …bears do love pic-a-nic baskets though, right?…

  • Jane20121985 Post author

    "..over millions of years of evolution"?…lol

  • Kevin Miller Post author

    I would have never known cartoons were just a lie with out this .

  • Kenzi J Post author

    Actually Winnie the Pooh is a great example of his species because he is a teddy bear. And I can say for sure that teddy bears love eating imaginary honey.

  • 3rd El Tercero Post author

    wouldn't it be cool if Porcupines has POISON spines

  • Jesse Ramirez Post author

    Comparing A poo bear to a grizzly bear or a black bear inappropriate. Poo bears live in unique ecosystems

  • Jeremy Backman Post author

    I was drunk on a jogging/bike path near/in downtown Denver , it was nice , I was feeding ducks sour gummies worms , they loved them , they were fighting over them , it was great , I was/am drunk, some lady saw me doing it and got super mad.

  • Matthias Römer Post author

    Erm…your Rabbit is a Bunny… 😉

  • I SAVED Hollywood Post author

    You forgot, a coyote is faster than a road runner.

  • Corvid Cat Post author

    I actually already knew some of these. ;-;

  • Jayce Segler Post author

    Humans are a lot like the Vorcha, we can eat just about anything and live just about anywhere.

  • joeblowgringo Post author

    Millions and billions!! Haha!!!

  • Rodee1 Post author

    You totally missed the 10ft jumping camel spiders who cling to the bottom of camels and eat their way in. My mom told me that and I think she kinda believed it.

  • Chelsey Abbott Post author

    How to bears not get dehydrated over hibernation?

  • Marc Inglese Post author

    Thank you.

  • Donald Trump Post author

    0:18 So they speak Spanish then???

  • y2ksw1 Post author

    The Italian porcupines fire. I have seen it personally and one of my goats got a spine stuck across its neck.

  • ProgressiveG Post author

    This guy is a huge nerd

  • dillon husick Post author

    Shut up green

  • Agnes Strzykowska Post author

    And next you'll tell us that hedgehog doesn't eat apples? I've seen it on lots of cartoons! They carry apples on their backs 🍏

  • Theresa Hecita Post author

    So penguins don't actually tap dance?

  • TheBashar327 Post author

    You forgot the number one thing that people get wrong about animals- thinking they are not animals. Thinking that they can reason with and predict animals. Even domestic animals can turn on you unexpectedly.

  • scronx Post author

    The main popular AND scientific myth about animals is that they think or feel less than we do. They're not rocket scientists but they don't need sex education. They can tell when an earthquake is coming and see ghosts. And oh do they feel — is there any purer love than a pet dog's? I've been worshiped by cats, too.

  • kylejiahsmith Post author

    I knew all of these things were myths, or at least inaccurate, but I didn't know much of the details he went into. That bit about the porcupine quills going in easier than a hypodermic needle was really cool

  • Jason Overman Post author

    Bat's will also dodge loud sounds aimed in their direction, found this out when I was a kid and me and some friends was playing war. We would make a gun with our hand and say bang. That's when we noticed that if you say bang in the direction of a bat it would dodge the sound every time.

  • Dropkicks of the Murphys Post author

    People thought porcupines could shoot their quills out? That has to be the most ridiculous idea I've ever heard.

  • rent a shill Post author

    i can drink milk all i want thank god for evolution

  • Deecy P Post author

    Y’all Americans really mental. In Europe we learn that in school….

  • Nghaka Beita Post author

    The brood of the Bess are tasty, should try one

  • teemusid Post author

    Rabbits like carrots, but not as much as bananas, or apples. Like humans, rabbits have personal preferences, and my girl ignores bananas, even though that is the ultimate treat for most bunnies. However, hay should be 80-85% of their diet, supplemented by fresh greens and a small amount of pellets.

  • Alen Johny Post author

    bloody diarrhea is the best, especially when it's coming out like Uranus is loose,all watery and gushy. yummy! btw everyone who reads this has to like or your getting some next lvl explosive diarrhea.

  • Nill Gddy Post author

    ostriches dont bury their heads in the sand, liberals do.

  • Donny Fraley Post author

    You can drink trough your nose, but not without getting water in your lungs.

  • Cassie Oz Post author

    Dairy loving/tolerant humans (like me) are descended from that group of people who survived better because they retained their lactase. Wild rabbits that get into my garden in winter, deliberately dig up many of the plants specifically to eat the roots.

  • gibbyrockerhunter Post author

    This guy needs to tell the bears in Oregon and Washington that they dont eat honey. They missed the memeo.

  • Dorine Mort Post author

    Soooooo whatryasayin-my childhood was a lie?

  • Josh Blick Post author

    So if old bread is bad for some environments, can it be used in compost?

  • Mayen Post author

    Wow, is just nothing I knew true?

  • TaibaKitty 1996 Post author

    Give your cat's lactose free milk people.

  • Summer Lindeman Post author

    My school has an acme toilet role holder… 😂

  • therugburnz Post author

    Ducks like corn. I'm gonna check if popped corn is good. OR Corn Bread

  • STUTZ Studiowerks Post author

    No surprises, but a nice video, anyway.

  • kazemizu Post author

    Bears are baby eaters

  • Siddharth Hasavimath Post author

    I say with more than a hint of pride that I knew all those things and was surprised by none hahahhahahahaha. Let me have this

  • dave henderson 2 Post author

    Wrong if your younger you can hear bats… I can still hear them still now at 35. Get your facts RIGHT!

  • Fabrizio Marcillo Post author

    Everyone knows bear's main food is picknic baskets

  • TMAKT M0s4n1ty Post author

    What’s next? There r no squids that live in tiki heads or crabs that live in anchors forcing sponges to work for them in a crab trap! Unbelievable

  • Chris Schneider Post author

    Nah, dairy eaters are normal. Bug eaters are weird.

  • MarvAlice Post author

    "Dairy loving humans are the weird ones…"
    This is actually a misrepresentation. While most humans can't digest lactose the cultures used to make yogurt can and do which is why yogurt was traditionally eaten by every nation with domestic animals. It's just to good to pass up.

  • David Jones Post author

    Two slight errors you presented… 1) Porcupines can "throw" quills… sort of. The quills (like normal hair) may be falling out naturally (often as a result of the puffing thing) and those quills may fly off the body when the porcupine is startled. Not really thrown, but it can look that way sometimes. 2) Bats will dive bomb people and other animals that are in the area where they are roosting(?). Bats live in colonies and will make attempts to frighten off potential predators. The diving behavior is also seen when a column includes young bats. (I have had firsthand experience with this.) They can and will scratch and bite any animal that the bats feel is a threat, often though a diving attack. One question I have about the ducks, is popped popcorn okay?

  • adfasd Post author

    Fermented cat gas is real.

  • lulwut43 Post author

    "Dairy loving humans are the weird ones"

    angry Wisconsin noises

  • DannyDaDuffyDucking Daffer Post author

    Dairy lo- Weird ones???

  • DannyDaDuffyDucking Daffer Post author

    So Elephants can grow to be big enough to have a whole island on their back as they walk across the ocean…great

  • Hjaja Bjka Post author

    You should include mouse eating cheese. I've never seen a mouse eating cheese in real live. They eat everything, maybe cheese too but who's gonna let their cheese eaten by a mouse?

  • Thomas Pyke Post author

    Some cats, just like humans can drink milk. It depends on the cat.

  • Alan Buldo Post author

    Bread does not have a "low" nutritional value. Quite the opposite. The kaloric value of bread is extreme. It does lack some proteins and vitamins tho. And it is bad for birds because of the high salt content.

  • tamara shanks Post author

    We allllll know #1 prefers Pickinick Baskets. Yogi debunked this one.

  • DragonGuy GTO Post author

    Is it true that ostrich beaks are as sharp as knives? I find that a bit hard to believe

  • Jason Land Post author

    No offense but this channel needs a hot hostess

  • Cade Smith Post author

    You used a misconception in a video about misconceptions; bears do not hibernate
    1:15

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