Coccidia in Puppies and Kittens

Coccidia in Puppies and Kittens

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SHELLEY: Does your puppy have diarrhea and
you don’t know why? There are many causes of puppy diarrhea, but
one of the most common, is coccidia, a parasite that can cause major issues, especially for
young puppies and kittens. In this episode of the Pet Care Pro Show,
we have CYNTHIA joining us to talk about coccidia and cryptosporidium which is a particularly
nasty type of coccidian that can be resistant to traditional coccidia treatment options. Before we start, consider subscribing to the
Revival Animal Health YouTube channel, by clicking this little red heart, or the subscribe
button down below if you’re watching this on YouTube. Okay, now let’s talk coccidia, what are
some signs your pet may be dealing with this intestinal parasite? CYNTHIA: Coccidia is something to take very
seriously, especially in puppies under eight weeks old, as it can be fatal. You may notice that the puppy or kitten has
watery, mucous-like diarrhea. As it progresses, the pet may experience bloody
diarrhea and you’ll most likely notice your pet having more potty accidents and being
unable to hold it. They may also be weak and feverish. SHELLEY: And these issues can happen in both
dogs and cats. CYNTHIA: Absolutely. Coccidia is transferred through feces and
it can be spread from puppies to kittens and vice versa. Oftentimes, the puppies are first exposed
to coccidia through their mother’s infected feces and once exposed, the coccidian parasite
is always present in the animal’s intestine, then in times of stress, it makes itself known. Some pets stress more than others, so some
are more prone to getting coccidia. Weaning, travel, and moving are all stressors
that can result in coccidia causing problems. SHELLEY: So if your puppy has diarrhea, how
can you test for coccidia? CYNTHIA: The ParaTest Test Kit gives results
in 15 minutes and diagnoses most major feline and canine intestinal parasites, including
coccidian. Otherwise, your veterinarian can perform a
fecal examination. The coccidian parasite is usually very visible
under a microscope. SHELLEY: And you’ll want to make sure to
do some sort of testing since there are several parasites that act similar to coccidia. You want to make sure you’re treating the
right thing. CYNTHIA: Right. Many people mistake coccidia for giardia,
which is a different intestinal parasite. The thing is, treatment is different for these
two parasites so you want to make sure you are treating the right thing. SHELLEY: Exactly. So if the test is positive for coccidia, how
long does treatment take? CYNTHIA: Most people don’t treat coccidia
as long as they should and then it comes back. Most treatments need to last at least 21 days. Sulfa drugs have long been used to treat Coccidia,
and they’re also typically effective for prevention. I recommend talking to your veterinarian to
see what is recommended for your pet. If your veterinarian does give you a prescription,
you can contact the Revival Pharmacy and they would be happy to get that for you. SHELLEY: Meanwhile, during this time, preventing
dehydration due to diarrhea is also critical. CYNTHIA: Absolutely. I recommend using an electrolyte such as Breeders’
Edge Puppy or Kitten Lyte to help maintain hydration and replenish electrolytes. Puppy and Kitten Lyte can be easily mixed
with warm water and can be given to nursing puppies and kittens as young as two weeks
old. SHELLEY: Great idea. And you also recommend using a probiotic during
this time. CYNTHIA: Yes! A probiotic such as Doc Roy’s GI Synbiotics
supports the growth of good bacteria in the gut and helps remove bad bacteria from the
GI tract. GI Synbiotics is recommended to minimize the
potential for diarrhea and it is a great support product to strengthen the dog or cat’s immune
system. Just remember when choosing a probiotic, be
sure it can pass through the stomach acid and enzymes or you will be disappointed. GI Synbiotics does that and works well. SHELLEY: And you actually recommend giving
newborns the GI Synbiotic gel the day after they are born. CYNTHIA: Right, start giving the GI Synbiotics
on day 2 and continue through day 7. A puppy starts with a sterile gut, so we want
to give the pups the immune system a great beginning and layer the good bacteria in that
puppies intestinal system before coccidia can cause a problem. Put a little bit of the GI Synbiotics on your
finger, 2, 3 even 4 times a day and swipe it into their mouth. I say too, why not start with momma about
two weeks before whelping with the granules in her food….all helping to keep the bad
bacteria from taking over. SHELLEY: Now I want to talk about the prevention
of coccidia as well as cryptosporidium in cats and dogs but before we do, if you are
finding this video helpful click the like button below! Okay, so what is crypto and how is it different
from normal coccidian? CYNTHIA: Cryptosporidium is a different type
of coccidian that is more commonly seen in catteries. Kittens affected with Crypto show most signs
just before moving to a new home. Symptoms of Crypto include a neurological
component, along with drooling and diarrhea. They might also suffer from lack of appetite,
weakness, and lethargy. SHELLEY: And Crypto is often misdiagnosed. CYNTHIA: Right, Cryptosporidium looks similar
to normal Coccidia, except they are very tiny. It’s best to send the animal’s feces to
a lab to confirm. SHELLEY: And treatment is different for crypto
than for normal coccidian. CYNTHIA: Correct. Drugs that work on normal coccidia do not
have any effect on Crypto and that could become fatal for the puppy or kitten, so you’ll
want to talk to your vet to find out what medication would be best for your pet in this
situation. SHELLEY: So let’s talk about coccidia prevention. What advice do you have on that? CYNTHIA: Coccidia prevention needs to be started
before birth and continued to the weaned babies. However, be cautious as many products are
not safe in pregnant moms. You can never use a sulfa drug between the
25th and 30th days of gestation as you increase the risk of cleft palate in dogs or cats. Another prevention tip, if possible give your
puppies and kittens their own place to run and play – NOT with the big dogs and cats. Big dog and cats can usually handle coccidia
and giardia to a point, so giving the little ones a place of their own to run, keeps them
out of trouble with running into any fecal matter from the adults. Why subject the little ones to any more than
what is coming from their momma. SHELLEY: Great tip! And another important part of prevention includes
insect and rodent control. CYNTHIA: Yes, mice and cockroaches can carry
Coccidia. You’ll also want to practice strict sanitation
and use disinfectants such as virkon and oxine. Since Coccidia spreads primarily through feces,
all fecal matter should be removed regularly to prevent food and water from becoming contaminated. SHELLEY: There are also several products you
can give to pets to prevent coccidia. For more information on those, check out the
article, Coccidia in Dogs and Cats in our Learning Center at, we’ve
put a link to that in the description below. Or you can call one of our Pet Care Pros like
Cynthia and they would be happy to help you find the best solution. CYNTHIA: Yes, I don’t think I have a day
go by without someone asking me about treatment and prevention options for coccidia. So don’t hesitate to call us. SHELLEY: Thanks CYNTHIA! If you’ve found this advice helpful, make
sure to share this video with other dog and cat owners who you think could benefit. And if have you have questions, comment below
and we will get those answered! I’m Shelley with the Revival education team. This is CYNTHIA, a Revival Pet Care Pro. Thank you so much for joining us on this coccidia
episode of the Pet Care Pro Show. SHELLEY:
Hi! If you’re watching on Youtube, consider
subscribing to the Revival Animal Health Youtube channel so you don’t miss our new videos. If you have more questions on coccidia or
any other pet health issue, call our Pet Care Pros at this number. Or check out our other pet health videos.

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4 thoughts on “Coccidia in Puppies and Kittens

  • YeLa Kennels Post author

    Coccidia been kicking my ass with this on particular breeding female I have her pups have caught coccidia as early as two days old. This video was very informative I'm already a revival customer.

  • Danielle Hoenicke Post author

    I cannot find that test kit online, or anywhere. Do you have a link? Thanks

  • Tiffany Santana Post author

    My puppy has coccidia, he’s 7 weeks old. He’s been treated but 4 days later no improvement other than his poop is mostly solid. He’s still very weak and not interested in food. I’m forcing A/D food, pedialyte and nutrical. I’m praying he feels better real soon.

  • Sharon Clifford Post author

    My 9 week puppy has Coccidia and is being treated with sulpha and metronidazole. Has had three days of meds. Eating well, very active, but still loose stool.

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